Volume 1, Issue 1 (12-2019)                   JSP 2019, 1(1): 14-23 | Back to browse issues page

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Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences
Abstract:   (97 Views)
Background and Objectives: Suicidal behavior is considered as one of the main issues of public health. The WHO has estimated that approximately 800,000 people lose their lives by suicide worldwide per year. This study aimed to spatially analyze suicide and attempted suicide in Fars province in southwestern Iran during 2010-2013.
Materials and Methods: The present ecological study was conducted on 17,342 cases of suicides and attempted suicide in Fars province, Iran. To collect data, a checklist of monthly reports of a suicide prevention program was used. The data were analyzed using SPSS software, ver. 21, R software, ver. 3.1.2, Arc GIS software, ver. 9.3, and SAS software, ver. 9.1.
Results: The spatial pattern of suicide in all age and sex groups in Fars province represented the highest suicide rates in the northern and southwestern parts of the province and the lowest rates in Kavār, Gerāsh, and Ābādeh townships. Also, the results of the research showed that the rates of suicide and attempted suicide have not been affected by any of the study socio-economic factors.
Conclusion: Generally, the spatial patterns of suicide in all age and gender groups in the province were indicative of the highest suicide rates in the north and southwest of the province. Conducting prevention planning for the high-risk areas throughout the province is essential. 
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2019/09/21 | Accepted: 2019/09/21 | Published: 2019/09/21