Volume 3, Issue 1 (3-2021)                   JSP 2021, 3(1): 17-26 | Back to browse issues page

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Pouradeli S, Najafipour R, Doost Mohammadi F, Hosseini F, Rezaeian M. A Review of Suicide in the Mirror of Islamic Hadiths and Traditions. JSP. 2021; 3 (1) :17-26
URL: http://isssp.ir/article-1-38-en.html
Abstract:   (81 Views)
Background and Objectives: Suicide has always been one of the most important public health issues. Suicide rate is less in Islamic countries than other countries. Considering the role of hadiths and traditions in Islam in preventing suicide, the purpose of current study was to collect and review the Islamic hadiths about suicide.
Materials and Methods: This library-based study was started in May 2019. After consulting with scholars specializing in hadith and Islamic knowledge, the list of the most important Shiite books was prepared and then electronic format of these books were downloaded: “Kitab al-Kafi”, “Man La Yahduruhu al-Faqih”, “Tahdhib al-Ahkam”, “Al-Istibsar”, “Osool Kafi”, “Bahar-al-Anwar”, “Tahzib Ol Ahkam”, “Hagh Ol Yaghin”, “Ghorar Ol Hekam & Dorar Ol Kalem”, and  “Man La Yahzaroh Ol Faghih”. In the next step, the keywords including “self-murder”, “suicide”, and “killing” were searched in these books and subsequently, in the database of the “Shia Hadith Library” and the “Hadith Mizan Searcher”. To find related articles, the Persian and English keywords including “Suicide”, “Islam”, “Hadith”, and their combination were also searched in Google Scholar, PubMed, Magiran, SID, and Noormags. Finally, all hadiths with these keywords were screened, and after removing duplicates, the remaining hadiths were collected and reviewed.
Results: A total of 3705 hadiths were found, from which19 reliable hadiths about suicide from Prophet Muhammad and Imams were chosen. These hadiths were classified based on the concept into 3 categories, including the prohibition of suicide, the examples of suicide, and the consequences of suicide.
Conclusion: Suicide is an absolute forbidden act in Islam, which has destructive consequences. The religious hadiths in Islam could be effective in educating Muslims to prevent suicidal behaviors.
Keywords: Suicide, Islam, Hadith, Education
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2021/08/2 | Accepted: 2021/03/30 | Published: 2021/03/30

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