Volume 1, Issue 1 (12-2019)                   JSP 2019, 1(1): 9-13 | Back to browse issues page

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Ghanbari B, Khaleghparast S, Alavi K, Malakouti S K. Educating and Encouraging the Use of 123 Social Emergency Services in Suicidal Subjects. JSP. 2019; 1 (1) :9-13
URL: http://isssp.ir/article-1-26-en.html
Iran University of Medical Sciences
Abstract:   (47 Views)
Background and Objectives: Attempting suicide is one of the disorders that endanger the health. Suicide is a global challenge and a major health threat according to the World Health Organization (WHO). Developing prevention programs for vulnerable groups, training, and development of awareness in these groups as well as encouraging the use of crisis assistance lines can help provide one of the recommendations of the WHO and evaluate it in our country (Iran). Therefore, this research aimed to review and evaluate training and encouraging the use of 123 Social Emergency Services to prevent the suicide attempt.
Materials and Methods: This research was a part of a clinical trial study, which was conducted by a descriptive-analytical approach. The study samples included 153 suicide attempters referred to Baharlo Hospital in Tehran during 2014 and 2015. The subjects were encouraged and trained to use the 123 Social Emergency Services before discharging from the hospital. The process was also followed up for these individuals for 12 months after the discharge through phone contacts. The results were analyzed using descriptive and analytical statistics by SPSS software, ver. 22.
Results: The results showed that 47 subjects (36.4%) of the participants have felt the need for help during the course, 74% of which had used the emergency 123. Of this, 65.7% have been completely satisfied with the 123 services. Of them, 62.8% reported the 123 services to be effective, while 37.2% considered the services ineffective. At the end of the study, 9.1% of these people had attempted suicide just once.
Conclusion: The study results indicated that primary education in the hospital with the emphasis on the use of community-based services such as the 123 Social Emergency Services and planned follow-ups after discharge can make the suicide attempters trust the crisis assistance services by increasing the awareness of services available in the society, increasing the patients' awareness and knowledge about the illness, treatments, and necessary measures and interventions in the event of a crisis. Consequently, they can significantly reduce the rate of reattempting suicide.
Full-Text [PDF 373 kb]   (9 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2019/09/21 | Accepted: 2019/09/21 | Published: 2019/09/21

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